Antoine Watteau. Also included in the exhibition is Cythera-2, 1977 evocative of Jean-Antoine Watteau's, The Embarkation for Cythera, 1717. He took five years to deliver the required "reception piece", but it was one of his masterpieces: the Pilgrimage to Cythera, also called the Embarkation for Cythera. This was seen not only in the themes of his work (very theatrically influenced) but also in his style (ornate, airy). Medium: Etching and aquatintDimensions: 24 x 37 inchesSignature: SignedArtist details: American, 1930Date finished: 2004Edition: of 140. The painting is now housed at the Louvre in … Charles Scribner's Sons, 1918 • Zeri, Federico. Humphrey Wine and Annie Scottez-De Wambrechies. Olitski's title is a Finally, in January 1717, the Academy called Watteau to task, and in August of that year he presented his painting, which had been painted quickly in the preceding eight months. sheet: 93.98 x 107.32 cm (37 x 42 1/4 in.) McCulloch explains his interest in Watteau and this painting: 'I first came upon reproductions of Watteau's "Embarkation for Cythera" as a schoolboy in the late 1940s. Antoine Watteau: 1684-1721. Random House, 2008 • Posner, Donald. Thus, the island became sacred to the goddess and love. He was inspired by fantastical geographical locations as well as from his beloved theater.Cythera: Known as Kithira, in modern Greek, Cythera is a southernmost and easternmost island of the Ionian Islands. The word Rococo is a combination of the French rocaille, or shell, due to the heavy usage of shell-like curves, and the Italian barocco, or Baroque style for its decorative nature.Its style emergence was first displayed in the decorative arts and interior design before Watteau adapted it toward painting aesthetics. Charles-Antoine Coypel, the son of its then director, later said: "The charming paintings of this gracious painter would be a bad guide for whoever wished to paint the Acts of the Apostles."[5][1]. The last admirer helps the object of his affection. Clearly the theme of this Pater painting was inspired by Watteau.Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Pater, The Fair at Bezons, c. 1733: Depicted in the oil painting is a group of commedia dell'arte players at the left in the distance. They were pleasantly delighted, conjuring up the inspired title "fétes galantes" (lively, gallant party) and accepting Watteau under this new genre. Centuries later art critics are still focusing on Watteau's work. Watteau. He painted over a dozen pieces under the fétes galantes theme. [9] The Embarkation for Cythera ("L'embarquement pour Cythère") is a painting by the French painter Jean-Antoine Watteau. ‘The Embarkation for Cythera’ depicts what is known as a "fête gallant", an elaborate celebration typically enjoyed by France’s aristocracy during the reign of Louis XV. Many commentators note that it depicts a departure from the island of Cythera , the birthplace of Venus , thus symbolizing the brevity of love. [8] Watteau lacked aristocratic patrons; his buyers were bourgeois such as bankers and dealers. University of Delaware Press, 2006 • Stranahan, C. H. A History of French Painting From the Earliest To Its Latest Practice. For Sale on 1stdibs - Hidden Cities II: Embarkation for Cythera, Engraving, Etching by Peter Milton. The work - The Pilgri… Key Terms. They felt he truly was in a category of his own.Jean-Antoine Watteau is attributed to extending the bounds of 18th century French-born artistic period Rococo, beyond architecture, furniture and sculpture and into painting. Dimensions. Jean-Antoine Watteau's Embarkation for Cythera caused a major reaction after its completion in 1717. Watteau pursued both of these themes. No matter the location, a group of young couples enjoy another on the densely vegetated island.The focus falls on three couples in particular who occupy the center right. With its light and wispy brushstrokes, the hazy landscape in the background does not give to any clues about the season, or whether it is dawn or dusk. Handmade oil painting reproductions for sale, Always custom made on premium grade canvas by talented artists. Shortly after, he worked for interior designer Claude Audran III and picked up Rococo design influences.Watteau's attraction to Rococo's curving lines and decorative nature became central to his later work. Other examples include;Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1718-1721: The second version of this composition which today hangs in the Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin.The Pleasures of the Ball 1717: Once again, Watteau does an extraordinary job of convincing viewers that his conjured up reality is no longer a dream but the way life should be. Said characters are enjoying their time at an annual Sunday fair just outside of Versailles, an idea not too distant of Watteau's very own interpretations of how humans should enjoy life. In 1719-20 he visited England. PLACE, 2008 • Mollett, John William. Cupids can be seen flying over the boat, though their services may not be needed as nature does the flirting and mesmerizing quite effectively.Les Trois Cousines: This was a prose play by French comedy and tragedy playwright Florent Dancourt and it may have been an inspiration for The Embarkation for Cythera as a group of youths disguised as pilgrims of love prepare for a voyage to Cythera in the finale.Yet this may be the only similarity to Watteau's painting - Dancourt's sarcastic parody would be a spotty reflection of Watteau's happy and hazy dream.La Ventienne: Houdar de la Motte's opera ballet seems a more likely inspiration for The Embarkation for Cythera as it featured stock characters of the Commedia dell'Arte and other pilgrims who accepted the invitation to the island of love. Watteau submitted this work to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture as his reception piece in 1717. The center of the canvas lights up the three main couples and the shadows retreat to play in the trees so less attention is paid to other characters. The jovialities of human life flitter across his unique landscapes and atmospheres. Louis XV's succession brought a change in the court artists and general artistic fashion.By the end of the old king's reign, rich Baroque designs were giving way to lighter elements with more curves and natural patterns. The Embarkation for Cythera is an allegorical love story at its finest. The Embarkation for Cythera ("L'embarquement pour Cythère") is a painting by the French painter Jean-Antoine Watteau. Le pèlerinage à l'île de Cythère, film by Alain Jaubert from Palettes series (1995). Credit Line. Cornell University Press, 1984 • Rogers, Robert Emmons. The origins of art history can be traced back to the Prehistoric era, before written records were kept. Rococo: A style of baroque architecture and decorative art, from 18th century France, having elaborate ornamentation. In Florent Carton Dancourt's Les Trois Cousines (The Three Cousins), a girl dressed as a pilgrim steps out from the chorus line and invites the audience to join her on a voyage to the island, where everyone will meet their ideal partner. Acclaimed British art historian, Sir Michael Levey, said "Watteau created, unwittingly, the concept of the individualist artist loyal to himself, and himself alone. [4] Once submitted, the painting caused the Academy to invent a new classification for it, since the subject was so striking and new. [1] The painting is now in the Louvre in Paris. plate: 61.6 x 79.69 cm (24 1/4 x 31 3/8 in.) Art from this period relied on the use of natural pigmentsand stone carvings to create representations of objects, animals, and rituals that governed a civilization’s existence. Works by Watteau: Watteau took a strong liking to theatrical scenes of everyday life portrayed through Italian comedies and ballet. As his career progressed the artist combined his love for the theater and his fascination of the Rococo styling and design and developed a truly unique style of painting with ornate elegance that gained him critical attention. Watteau: The Embarkation for Cythera. The result is a lustrous balance of shifts from light to dark suspended above the grisaille canvas. From there, the viewer is enamored by a beautiful landscape as the clouds bring the focus downward.Tone: The theme of this piece cannot help but bring about a happy, peaceful mood. The majority lean towards their leaving. In years after Watteau’s death, his art fell out of fashion. Watteau was a key player in the 18th century Rococo art movement. Peter Milton Hidden Cities II: Embarkation for Cythera. In 1709, Watteau tried to obtain a one-year stay in Rome by winning the Prix de Rome from the Academy , but managed only to get awarded with the second prize. While the creation of the new category acknowledged Watteau as the originator of the genre, it also prevented him being recognised as history painter, the highest class of painter, and the only one from which the academy's professors were drawn. The delicacy and playfulness of Rococo designs is often seen as perfectly in tune with the excesses of Louis XV's regime.Rococo painting, as well as most French art of the 18th century was light, airy, frilly and bejeweled, which is fitting as it was intended for the powerful aristocracy and wealthy upper-middle class.Watteau's artistic content could be summarized by two major influences: his love for the theater and his fascination of the Rococo styling and design.Spending his early years in Paris in the workshop of set designer Claude Gillot, Watteau gained his love for the theater, specifically for the Italian Commedia dell'Arte and its innumerable characters. This is, after all, the entire purpose of make-believe and pretend.Les Champs-Elysées 1717: In Watteau's Les Champs-Elysées, his characters enjoy another hazy afternoon, relaxing on the comfort the lush grass provides them. Medium: Etching and engraving Year: 2004 Edition : Edition 140 Size: 24 x 37 inches Please Inquire Oil on canvas, 8’4⅜” × 11’3⅞”. In the ancient world, Cythera, one of the Greek islands, was thought to be the birthplace of Venus, goddess of love. [6] In the early 19th century the curator at the Louvre was forced to place it in storage until 1816 in order to protect the painting from angry protesters. When Watteau was accepted as a member of the Academy in 1714, he was expected to present the customary reception piece. It has often been noted that, despite the title, the people on the island seem to be leaving rather than arriving, especially since they have already paired up. Discover canvas art prints, photos, mural, big canvas art and framed wall art in GreatBigCanvas.com's varied collections. The painting portrays a "fête galante"; an amorous celebration or party enjoyed by the aristocracy of France during the Régence after the death of Louis XIV, which is generally seen as a period of dissipation and pleasure, and peace, after the sombre last years of the previous reign. Watteau himself purposely did not give an answer. 100% hand-painted museum quality oil painting reproduction on canvas. Antoine's Alphabet: Watteau and His World. The way his characters at the Ball enjoy themselves, as if noting could disturb their bliss, makes the viewer want to jump into the painting and join in the festivities.The brightness of the sun and the vivid colors further entice the viewer. ''Les secrets de la fête galante. While the couple on the right by the statue are still engaged in their passionate tryst, another couple rises to follow a third pair down the hill, although the woman of the third pair glances back fondly at the goddess’s sacred grove. Many art historians have come up with a variety of interpretations of the allegory of the voyage to the island of love. shape. The work celebrates love, with many cupids flying around the couples and pushing them closer together, as well as the statue of Venus (the goddess of sexual love). NDE Publishing, 2000, Italian Landscape with an Old Woman Holding a Spindle (after Domenico Campagnola), Study of a Woman Playing the Guitar or Holding a Musical Score, Pilgrimage to Cythera, Voyage to Cythera, Pilgrimage on the Isle of Cythera. [7] Four decades later, Debussy's compatriot Francis Poulenc wrote a lively piece for two pianos which took the name of the painting for its title, "L'Embarquement pour Cythere". It was around 1717 that Watteau painted his first, more literal version of the theme, which nonetheless bears a compositional similarity to the Louvre painting. [3] Meanwhile, Watteau worked on numerous private commissions that his rising reputation brought him. This resulted in the fête galantes (elegant fêtes or outdoor entertainments), a genre subsequently practiced by imitators of Watteau, such as Jean-Baptiste Pater and Nicolas Lancret. Offered by Warnock Fine Arts. Pilgrimage to Cythera. Antoine Watteau (1684–1721) ; Alternative names: Jean-Antoine Watteau: Description: French painter, graphic artist, drawer and artist: Date of birth/death: 10 October 1684 Watteau's hallucinatory landscape also taunts the viewers; as he will finally realize his participation, at best, will only happen in a daydream.Perhaps Watteau felt the same way, longing to be a part of his fantastical, theatrical creation. In 1717, Watteau received the rank of academician for his large painting Embarkation for the Island of Cythera (Louvre, Paris). Title: Embarkation for Cythera Artist: Jean-Antoine Watteau (1684 - 1721) Original Size: 194 x 129 cms / 76.4 x 50.8 inches Medium: Oil on Canvas Location: Louvre, Paris, France Photo Credit: Bridgeman Art Library Image ID: XIR-3755 Year: 1717 ~~~ A second version of the work, sometimes called Pilgrimage to Cythera to distinguish it, was painted by Watteau about 1718 or 1719[2] and is in the Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin. During the French Revolution, some eighty years after the work was painted, his depictions of lavishly set pastoral escapades were associated with the old days of the monarchy and a frivolous aristocracy. Watteau's portrayal of Cythera is perhaps the best deception the most vivid imagination could conjure up.His is an island of love, a paradise decorated with brightly colored landscapes that would enchant even the most plutonic friends to accept the invitation of love. This artwork will be painted by an experienced artist. The Embarkation for Cythera, 1717, Louvre. Rococo sculpture makes use of very delicate porcelain instead of marble or another heavy medium. This particular piece, which had entered the collection of the Louvre in 1795, was used by art students for target practice; an account by Pierre Bergeret (1782–1863) describes the drawing students throwing bread pellets at it. Watteau was given approval to submit the painting in 1712, but only actually submitted it in 1717. The progression of the pilgrims returning to the boat draws attention to the three main couples in the center, who in a lover's trance, lost track of time.Viewers then glance upward as the space of the canvas is filled with a hazy sky that only Watteau could produce. Hidden Cities II: Embarkation for Cythera, 2004. He developed a unique style and revolutionized the art world through his individuality. The first, somewhat stilted version is … Patrica Emison on the retirement of Peter Parshall, Curator of Old Master Prints. 6/24/2020 5 Directional Lines Line can communicate direction and movement Directional lines focus our attention on different sections The strong diagonal lines add an intense feeling of movement CLAMP, page from the Tsubasa RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE, volume 21, page 47, 2007 Francisco Goya, The Third of May, 1808, 1814. The neutral palette of the landscape is complemented nicely by the pastels of the lover's costumes.Lighting: The lighting cast in this dream plays up the bright colors of the character's clothing. Jean-Antoine Watteau wall art for home and office decor. The sitting couple is absorbed in a flirtatious conversation and the pair standing is preparing to take their place on the boat. Watteau submitted this work to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture as his reception piece in 1717. Not on View. The Embarkation for Cythera by Jean-Antoine Watteau. 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